خوبصورت رنگوں سے مزین چنگیر (چھابی) ہماری ثقافت کی ایک اہم پہچان

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چنگیر
چنگیری

چنگیر

چنگیر جس کو عام زبان میں چھابی کے نام سے بھی جان جاتا ہے جنوبی پنجاب میں اس کا استعمال ابھی  بھی کیا جاتا ہے ۔چھابی کلر فل آرٹ کا ایک شاہکار ہوا کرتی تھی مگر اب جدت کی طرف بڑھتے ہوئے صوبہ پنجاب کے شہروں میں پلاسٹک کا استعمال اس قدر ہو گیا کہ یہ ہاتھ سے بنا کرافٹ اب نایاب ہوتا جا رہا ہے ۔مگر اب بھی جنوبی پنجاب کے گاوں اور دیہاتوں میں خوبصورت رنگوں سے مزین چنگیریں تحفتا دی جاتی تھیں ان علاقوں میں آج بھی نو بیاہتا دلہنوں کا جہیز چنگیر کے بغیر نا مکمل ہوتا ہے اور آج بھی اگر آپ جنوبی پنجاب کے کچھ علاقوں میں سے گزرتے ہیں تو دکانوں پر لوہے کی میخوں سے لٹکی چنگیریں ضرور آپ کی توجہ کا مرکز بنے گیں ۔

چنگیر

:اب بات کرتے ہیں اس لفظ چنگیر کی

لفظ چنگیر فارسی زبان کا لفظ ہے چنگیر کو روٹی رکھنے کے لئیے استعمال کیا جاتا ہے ایک زمانے میں لوگ ہاتھ سے بنی چھابی کو شوق سے خریدا کرتے تھے جو بہت خوبصورت اور رنگووں سے بھری ہوتی تھی ۔

چنگیری

چھابی

مگر اب جدید دور کے آتے ہی شہروں میں چنگیری کی جگہ پلاسٹک نے لے لی ہے ۔پنجاب میں چنگیری کو چھابی کہا جاتا ہے جبکہ ہندوستان میں اس کو چھکوری کے نام سے جانا جاتا ہے ۔چنگیری کو بنانے میں اہم کردار گاوں کی بوڑھی عورتوں کا ہے  سب سے پہلے گاوں کی بوڑھی عورتیں سرکنڈوں کی باریک  سر کو یکجا کرتی ہیں اور پھر ان کے ارد گرد رنگین  پتوں کو لپیٹتی ہیں ۔

چنگیروں

لپیٹنے کے بعد کھجور کے پتے کی ایک باریک شاخ کو ایک بڑی سوئی جس کو دیہی عورتیں کھدوئی کہتی ہیں کی مدد سے پرویا اور ٹانکا جاتا ہے ۔مسلسل یہ کام کرنے سے ان عورتوں کو ہاتھوں مین اس قدر فن آجاتا ہے کہ لگائے جانے والے ٹانکہ کا پتا نہیں چلتا ۔اس کے بعد اگلہ مرحلہ بھی ایسے ہی طے ہوتا ہے کھجور کے رنگین پتے ایک مخصوص انداز میں سرکنڈوں کی باریک  سر کے گرد لپٹتے  جاتے ہیں

دستکاریاں

اور ایک دو روز کے اس عمل کے بعد چنگیر مکمل ہو جاتی ہے ۔جنوبی پنجاب میں جہاں دیگر دستکاریاں قابل زکر ہیں وہاں چنگیر کے بغیر ہماری ثقافت کا رنگ بھی پھیکا نظر آتا ہے اگر ہم بات کریں ریلوے سٹیشن کی تو یہ وہ جگاہ ہے جہاں دن رات ہمیں رونق نظر آتی ہے اور ایسے میں اگر ہم پنجاب کے چھوٹے ریلوے سٹیشن سے گزریں تو لوہے کی میخوں پر لٹکی چنگیریں سٹیشن پر آنے والے ہر مسافر کو اپنی طرف  متوجہ کر لیتی ہیں ۔

چنگیر کی دستکاریاں

جنوبی پنجاب میں قریبی رشتہ داروں یا مہمانوں کوواپسی پر خوبصورت رنگوں سے مزین چنگیریں تحفے میں دی  جاتیں ہیں  دیہی زندگی کا یہ ایک ایسا تحفہ تھا جس سے خلوص چھلکتا ہے ۔ کھجور کے پتوں سے تیارکردہ چنگیریں جنوبی پنجاب کے خطہ میں ثقافت کی علامت تصور کی جاتیں جنہیں آہستہ آہستہ وقت کی تیز رفتار کا جبڑا نگل گیا ہے اور اب یہ فن کا عظیم شاہکار محظ کتابوں تک محدود ہو کر رہ گیا ہے

مزید پڑھیں : قرآن کریم: ہدایت کا سرچشمہ اور ہماری زندگی

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