We define Passport forgery as Nations and authorized agencies that issue the passports and travel documents. So, If counterfeits of these passports are made by copying/editing the authentic passports then these are called Fake passports. Whereas, Unauthorized persons that make these passports are known as Cobblers. If someone provides fake information to the authorized issuer to get a password, then that is fake passport.
Tempering includes Forged Scan Document, signature or other duplication of object with intention to betray other.
- Identity Documents consist in three categories.
ID forgery is ID that are issued by authorities which are then altered by authorized side to create such documents. For the purpose of cheating those who would view the governing bodies. Whereas, We widely use Personal computers, scanners and printers , because they have cheap prices and their quality is very high. The combination of these technologies of the low price high-raised the risk of forgery of the identity documents. ID forgery falls into three categories that resemble each other. The ﬁrst refers to using a document with a photo that is almost similar to the original owner. Second the creation a fake ID from scratch. Third, there is the original ID with an altered photo or personal information.
The “Incomparable Train Robber” Ronnie Biggs entered Australia in 1965 with a phony international ID, following his departure from jail, His better half and kids additionally utilized phony travel papers to go along with him the next year.
Ugly Truth About in JUNE 2005, American Actor Wesley Snipes
Wesley Snipes, in June 2005, American on-screen character had kept in South Africa at Johannesburg International Airport for as far as anyone knows endeavoring to ho the plane terminal with a fake South African visa. Kills had allowed to return home since he had an authentic U.S global ID and he had conceived in Orlando, Florida, the offspring of Marian, a teacher’s partner, and Wesley Rudolph Snipes, a carrier engineer where he encountered adolescence in the Bronx, New York. He went to the High School for performing Arts of Fiorello LaGuardia High School of Music and Art and Performing Arts yet moved back to Florida before he could graduate. So in the wake of proceeding onward from Jones High School in Orlando, Snipes returned to New York and went to the state University of New York at Purchase. He similarly gone to Southwest College in Los Angeles, California.
Kim Jong-Nam, captured at Narita International Airport, in May 2001.
Kim Jong-Nam, in May 2001, the offspring of North Korean tyrant Kim Jong-Il, had caught at Narita International Airport, in Tokyo, Japan, going on a fake Dominican Republic visa where he had kept by development experts and late expelled to the People’s Republic of China. The event caused Kim King-Il to drop an orchestrated visit to China in view of the disgrace achieved through the scene.
Work Done to Prevent Passport Forgery:
Burt Perry and et al, proposed a system to ﬁgure out the fraud photocopied documents by using digital watermarking technique, in which someone embed a number of bits into a digital image, text, audio or video that can authenticate the ownership of the material.
Justin Picard and et al, proposed a system based on the integration of three different data hiding technologies which are digital watermarking, 2D barcode, and copy detection pattern (CDP). While the normal ID documents using watermarking and hiding technology are currently applied, they proposed additional technology which is biometric to strengthen the ID security.
Suman V Patar and et al have proposed a system to ﬁnd out the fraud photocopied documents. It focuses on detecting fabricated photocopy documents in which someone alter part of its contents by removing the original contents. And writing above it or altering the contents through the cut and paste technique by using Bounding Box, which is MATLAB tool.
How can we detect it ?
Many Researchers proposed the Algorithms for the Detection of Passport Forgery
Algorithms for the Detection of Passport Forgery
Romain Betrend and et al, proposed a method for detecting Passport Forgery and counterfeited documents, which is Scan-Edit and Print (SEP) technique. That can convert documents into a digital form and can by using image processing software.
Many Researchers had proposed Algorithms for the detection of copy move forgery. R. Nithya proposed the key point matching adaptive algorithm for the identification of forged region in any image. The division of image into non-overlapping blocks has reduced Computational Complexity. Whereas, the forged regions in the images can be located matching the SIFT features of blocks with the neighboring block features.